Viewing Record 14 of 62 The Institute of Design: New Bauhaus


  • Accession Number:
  • Artist:
    Metzker, Ray K.
  • Date:
  • Medium:
    Gelatin silver print
  • Dimensions:
    image: 8 15/16 in x 6 1/16 in; paper: 10 in x 8 in
  • Credit Line:
    Museum purchase

About the Photographer

Metzker, Ray K.

American (1931-2014)

Ray Metzker questions the nature of the photograph and its ability to depict reality. Through cropping, multiple imagery, and other formal inventions, his work explores options for transforming the vocabulary of the photograph. "Untitled" (1969) illustrates the simple method of manipulating objective information through juxtaposition: two distinct women on the beach enter into a yin-yang relationship of line and gesture. The photograph is part of a series of pictures made from 1968 to 1975 of beach-goers in New Jersey. "The more fashion conscious probably go to other beaches, but what Atlantic City has – and what attracted me to it – is diversity," Metzker said. Of the content of the pictures and his working method, Metzker added, "What appears in the pictures was the subject's decision, not mine. I took what they presented – delicate moments – unadorned and unglamorous, yet tender and exquisite." Metzker used a 1975 National Endowment for the Arts fellowship to pull the series together as Sand Creatures, later published as a book in 1979. There are no diptychs in the book, though the woman in sunglasses at the bottom of "Untitled" (1969) is included as a solo picture.

In a July 1992 letter, Metzker wrote the following about two untitled Sand Creatures pictures from 1969: "The photograph of the double image is from the series entitled Couplets and predates the single image by a number of years. Both pictures were made at beaches along the New Jersey coast: the couplet at Atlantic City, the single frame at Cape May. With both, my camera was an Olympus half-frame, a small amateurish piece of equipment that let me move about freely. The choice of the camera was essential to the development of the series."

Metzker has dedicated his career to exploring the formal potentials of black-and-white photography, but they are not his exclusive concern. "When you look at the multiples, you are aware of patterning and so forth," he says, "but there is still identifiable subject matter; frequently there are people there; there is a rhythm to those people." Metzker's 1959 thesis project, My Camera and I in the Loop, takes downtown Chicago as its subject, but renders it in experiments that tell more about photography than they do about the city. The pictures from this project were exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago (1959-1960), and included in the issue of Aperture devoted to the students and professors of the Institute of Design at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago (1961).

Ray K. Metzker studied art at Beloit College, Wisconsin, and the Institute of Design, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. He taught at the Philadelphia College of Art, the University of New Mexico, and Columbia College Chicago. He was the recipient of two John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowships and two National Endowment for the Arts fellowships. Metzker's photographs have been shown in several solo exhibitions, including such venues as the Art Institute of Chicago; Cleveland Museum of Art; High Museum of Art, Atlanta; Museum of Fine Arts, Houston; and Museum of Modern Art, New York.